Lesson 11
Similarity
Let’s explore similar figures.
11.1: Equivalent Expressions
Use what you know about operations and their properties to write three expressions equivalent to the expression shown.
\(\displaystyle 10 (2 + 3)  8 \boldcdot 3\)
11.2: Similarity Transformations (Part 1)

Triangle \(EGH\) and triangle \(LME\) are similar. Find a sequence of translations, rotations, reflections, and dilations that shows this.

Hexagon \(ABCDEF\) and hexagon \(HGLKJI\) are similar. Find a sequence of translations, rotations, reflections, and dilations that shows this.
The same sequence of transformations takes Triangle A to Triangle B, takes Triangle B to Triangle C, and so on. Describe a sequence of transformations with this property.
11.3: Similarity Transformations (Part 2)
Sketch figures similar to Figure A that use only the transformations listed to show similarity.
 A translation and a reflection. Label your sketch Figure B.
Pause here so your teacher can review your work.  A reflection and a dilation with scale factor greater than 1. Label your sketch Figure C.
 A rotation and a reflection. Label your sketch Figure D.
 A dilation with scale factor less than 1 and a translation. Label your sketch Figure E.
11.4: Methods for Translations and Dilations
Your teacher will give you a set of five cards and your partner a different set of five cards. Using only the cards you were given, find at least one way to show that triangle \(ABC\) and triangle \(DEF\) are similar. Compare your method with your partner’s method. What is the same about your methods? What is different?
Summary
Let’s show that triangle \(ABC\) is similar to triangle \(DEF\):
Two figures are similar if one figure can be transformed into the other by a sequence of translations, rotations, reflections, and dilations. There are many correct sequences of transformations, but we only need to describe one to show that two figures are similar.
One way to get from \(ABC\) to \(DEF\) follows these steps:
 step 1: reflect across line \(f\)
 step 2: rotate \(90^\circ\) counterclockwise around \(D\)
 step 3: dilate with center \(D\) and scale factor 2
Another way would be to dilate triangle \(ABC\) by a scale factor of 2 with center of dilation \(A\), then translate \(A\) to \(D\), then reflect over a vertical line through \(D\), and finally rotate it so it matches up with triangle \(DEF\). What steps would you choose to show the two triangles are similar?
Glossary Entries
 similar
Two figures are similar if one can fit exactly over the other after rigid transformations and dilations.
In this figure, triangle \(ABC\) is similar to triangle \(DEF\).
If \(ABC\) is rotated around point \(B\) and then dilated with center point \(O\), then it will fit exactly over \(DEF\). This means that they are similar.